What are the Causes of Pelvic Girdle and Low Back Pain During Pregnancy?
Due to hormonal changes during pregnancy, abdominal and pelvic muscles are stretched, and lower back muscles may shorten. This phenomenon can cause muscle imbalances, which can lead to pain. Also, pelvic joint laxity may occur increasing forces on the lower back and hip joints, also causing pain and making it difficult to perform everyday tasks.
What is the Prevalence of Low Back Pain and Pelvic Girdle Pain During Pregnancy?
Studies show 72% of women experience low back and pelvic girdle pain during pregnancy. 83% of those women have decreased pain symptoms following physical therapy intervention. (Albert 2002)
What are the Risk Factors for Developing Low Back Pain During Pregnancy?
- Multiple Pregnancies
- History of Low Back Pain
- High Work Load
What are the Symptoms of Low Back and Pelvic Girdle Pain During Pregnancy?
Recurrent or continuous pain lasting more than 1 week in the lower back or pelvic area.
Pain may be on one or both sides. Women can experience this pain with sitting, standing, walking, bending, lifting and while sleeping.
How Can Physical Therapy Help?
After a thorough evaluation of the cause of your low back or pelvic pain, skilled physical therapy intervention may include:
- Muscle Energy Techniques
- Core Stability and Strength Training
- Postural and Pelvic Floor Re-education
- SI Belt Fitting
- Home Exercise Program and SI Self-Correction Exercises