Temporomandibular joint disorder (TMD) refers to a painful dysfunction of your jaw’s temporomandibular joint (TMJ). Responsible for opening and closing your jaw, the TMJ consists of the upper temporal bone connected to your skull and the mandible, or lower jawbone.
Certain conditions or events that may cause deterioration or malfunction in this joint produce a wide variety of symptoms, ranging from pain in and around the joint while chewing, stiffness of the jaw muscle and pain that radiates into the face and neck. You may also hear a popping or clicking noise when you open or close your mouth.
Causes of TMD
Often, the exact cause of TMJ pain is unknown. However, several contributing factors such as occlusal abnormalities (upper and lower teach touching), orthodontic treatments, poor health and nutrition can lead to a TMJ disorder. Pain can result from inflammation of the disk, arthritis, trauma to the joint, joint laxity, muscle tightness or trigger points, cervical or thoracic pain and psycho social factors such as chronic stress, anxiety, depression or pain.
Physical therapists at Drayer Physical Therapy Institute are skilled in providing TMJ rehabilitation therapy to people who are desperate for relief from TMJ pain.
To successfully treat TMJ disorder, physical therapy programs may consist of one or more of the following:
- Flexibility and postural strengthening
- Relaxation and self-management techniques
- Skilled mobilization
- Therapeutic use of ice/heat, ultrasound, iontophoresis and electrical stimulation
If you have jaw pain or have been diagnosed with TMJ disorder, please call us today at 1-855-5DRAYER.
Drayer Physical Therapy Institute®–“Leading the way to good health”